It is one of the world's most widely known books and has been the basis for several plays and films. Born in Frankfurt , Germany , she lived most of her life in or near Amsterdam , Netherlands , having moved there with her family at the age of four and a half when the Nazis gained control over Germany. Born a German national, she lost her citizenship in and thus became stateless. As persecutions of the Jewish population increased in July , the Franks went into hiding in some concealed rooms behind a bookcase in the building where Anne's father, Otto Frank , worked. From then until the family's arrest by the Gestapo in August , she kept a diary she had received as a birthday present, and wrote in it regularly.